The phrase OBGYN is actually an abbreviation to medical specialties of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Basically, obstetrics is a field of medicine that trains physicians on how to take care of pregnant patients properly and deliver their babies successfully. On the other hand, gynecology is a field that is training physicians on how to diagnose and treat disorders of female reproductive organs.
Since both are dealing intimately with function, anatomy as well as pathophysiology of female reproductive tract, medical doctors are oftentimes training on both specialties. OBGYN doctors are also non-surgically and surgically treating women whether they’re pregnant or not or simply planning to be pregnant.
While it is common for such doctors to be a woman, there are also male doctors who practice OBGYN medicine. Doctors who are practicing OBGYN medicine can also specialize in reproductive endocrinology, pelvic reconstructive surgery, oncology, family planning, perinatology, adolescent gynecology, menopausal gynecology or even pediatric.
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Perinatology is what’s called to a medicine field that is concerned more on the health of mother as well as the fetus with a special emphasis on fetal surgery or high risk pregnancy management. The time of and even around childbirth may be precipitous and the end goal of perinatologists is reduce mortality and morbidity for the mother and child.
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A reproductive endocrinologist on the other hand is assisting patients with diagnosing, treating, understanding or sometimes dealing with infertility. While it is true that there are plenty of congenital, biological and anatomical causes of infertility, the diagnosis and the treatment are more focused on intervention that help couples to get pregnant. The physician will be performing series of tests on the patient and her partner too in order to figure out the main source of infertility and create a set of recommendations according to determined diagnosis.
OBGYN oncology on the other hand is a medical sub-specialty that is dealing with both non-surgical and surgical treatment of cancer found in the reproductive organs and the urinary tract of the female patient. Cancer often spread so fast and it is vitally important to contact an OBGYN doctor immediately to be able to determine what therapy can bring the most benefit. Whether systematic chemotherapy or local excision is required, an experienced and appropriately trained physician can be of help in guiding and educating the patient to make an informed decision regarding their health.
As for women who have prolapse of pelvic organs as a result of childbirth or pregnancy or those who have urinary incontinence, pelvic reconstructive surgery is a typical treatment done towards them.